Tshwane is a metropolis established in 2000 in terms of the new South African local government structure. Since it incorporates Pretoria, Tshwane is now the seat of government administration and the capital of South Africa. Tshwane/Pretoria is also a proud host city of the 2010 FIFA World Cup™.
Tshwane incorporates 13 previous municipal areas in one administrative entity, the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality (City of Tshwane). It includes Pretoria, Centurion, Akasia and Soshanguve, and the adjacent Mabopane, Atteridgeville, Ga-Rankuwa, Winterveld, Hammanskraal, Temba, Pienaarsrivier, Crocodile River and Mamelodi. Each area makes a unique contribution to the diversity of Tshwane, both to its landscape and its people.
However, the charm of this progressive city lies in its unity – a harmonious blend of African roots and European traditions. Tshwane is a proud city, rich in culture and diversity and as beautiful as it is welcoming. No visit to South Africa would be complete without a visit to Tshwane.
Area: 2 198 km2 (about 65 x 50 km)
Population: 2.34 million (about ten inhabitants per hectare)
Language: The most common home language is Sepedi, followed by Afrikaans, Setswana, Xitsonga, isiZulu and English.
Time zone: GMT +2
Altitude: 1214 metres
Climate: Moderate with hot summers and mild winters (June/July). Average temperatures for June: 4 °C (min) to 20 °C (max). Rainfall occurs mainly during the summer (November to February).
Industry: The large automotive cluster is a key economic driver. Various other industries. The largest sub-sector within manufacturing is metal products, machinery and household appliances, followed by the manufacturing of transport equipment.
Education: Numerous tertiary institutions and research organisations. Has the highest average education level in the country.
Other: Administrative capital
Home to the second largest number of embassies in the world (after Washington DC)
The main street, Church Street, is the longest urban street in South Africa and one of the longest straight streets in the world.
Many streets are lined with Jacaranda trees, of which there are around 70 000 in the city. The trees blossom mauve (purplish blue) in spring, giving rise to the city's nickname, "Jacaranda City".
Origin of the name Tshwane
Tshwane is named after a local chief of the same name. Tshwane is the traditional African name for this area which, according to legend, was used by the early African inhabitants who lived near the local Apies River under the chieftainship of Chief Tshwane. Chief Mushi, the father of Chief Tshwane, had moved up from Zululand and settled in the area before the arrival of the Voortrekkers, the Afrikaners who had trekked from the Cape Province during the 1830s.
Another explanation for the name Tshwane is that black migrant workers derived it from the word tshwana, which means "we are one or we are the same, because we live together".